Johann Kriegler (South Africa) Retired judge of South Africa’s highest court and Constitutional Court of South Africa on its foundation in 1994. In that year he chaired the first commission of enquiry (into prison violence) appointed by President Nelson Mandela. He headed the South African Independent Electoral Commission through his country’s liberation elections in 1994 and was instrumental in establishing its first permanent elections agency, which he chaired for a number of years. Subsequently he has engaged in electoral missions under the auspices of the United Nations, the African Union and other international agencies, inter alia in Timor-Leste, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Justice Kriegler is author of a standard textbook on criminal procedure and has lectured in recent years on judicial and electoral matters on five continents.